Lenisha Smith, a FEMA spokesperson based in Puerto Rico, told NBC News, “The hurricane was almost a year ago. This is not a long-term program, it’s supposed to be temporary.”

Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico on Sept. 20, 2017, causing an estimated $90 billion in damage, destroying the power grid and leaving most residents without drinking water. As many as 3,000 deaths were linked to the storm by public health experts, and 130,000 people, about 4 percent of the population, left the island because of Maria and her aftereffects.

President Donald Trump told reporters earlier this week that the federal government’s response to Maria had been “an incredible, unsung success,” and on Thursday morning tweeted that the death toll of 3,000 was a fabrication by Democrats “in order to make me look as bad as possible.” Republican officials in Florida, where many Puerto Ricans moved after Maria, quickly repudiated his comments.

Natasha Lycia Ora Bannan, associate counsel with the advocacy group Latino Justice PRLDEF, said Cardona and others like her are facing imminent homelessness. “I have been getting calls and messages all day long from people saying, ‘I am terrified of what will happen.'”

Earlier this summer Latino Justice filed a lawsuit against FEMA on behalf of the families asking that the assistance to the families be extended.

There were a few extensions, but on Aug. 30, Judge Timothy Hillman denied the request for a preliminary injunction to stop the evictions. Even though the judge ruled against the families, saying he could not compel FEMA to act, he conceded the families “do not appear to have any place to go once the [FEMA] program ends.” The judge agreed with the families that they had suffered “disproportionate hardship” and “may well be rendered homeless.”

Image: Department of Homeland Security personnel deliver supplies to Santa Ana community residents in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria
Department of Homeland Security personnel deliver supplies to Santa Ana community residents in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria in Guayama, Puerto Rico.Carlos Giusti / AP file

FEMA has presented the families with a list of options.

Families are eligible for a one-way plane ticket back to Puerto Rico, where FEMA says they can access housing services. But like the hotel payments, that ticket offer expires Friday, according to FEMA.

FEMA is also encouraging families to call a government hotline, 1-800-621-3362, when they check out of their hotels. FEMA says families can find out if they are eligible for further rental assistance. The rental assistance is based on fair market rents in Puerto Rico, not in the continental U.S.

“FEMA supports disaster survivors in their recovery process with many different housing programs, and we provide survivors all assistance that they are eligible for under the Stafford Act,” a FEMA spokesperson said in an email statement.

Lorena Alecia, 31, has been living with her husband and three daughters in an Ohio hotel since March. She lost her home in Puerto Rico. She told NBC News she only found out the family had to check out by Friday because she heard it on the news. Now she says she’s in a state of panic scrambling for a place to live.

Image: Ivan Ferreira
55-year-old retiree Ivan Ferreira sits on the edge of his bed in a hotel room with his dog Ovito where he has taken refuge for months after Hurricane Maria damaged his home, in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico.Carlos Giusti / AP

Liz Cruz, 35 who came to New York City in early December from Puerto Rico with her husband and three teenagers, said that after 10 months, “I’m still struggling here.”

Initially, said Cruz, she and her family were living in a hotel paid for by FEMA, but now they are in a homeless shelter.

Cruz said when her daughter heard the news of Hurricane Florence’s impending landfall she had flashbacks of Puerto Rico and began to cry. “She’s worried something bad will happen here,” Cruz said.

The Maria evacuees and the non-profits that have been helping them say FEMA has provided many services for victims of other storms but has not extended those same services to Puerto Ricans.

“After other past disasters, longer-term disaster housing assistance has been used to help survivors get back on their feet,” said Diane Yentel, president of the National Low Income Housing Coalition, “It’s not too late for FEMA to do so now. The last thing the federal government should be doing is knowingly causing homelessness for disaster survivors.”


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